"Stop it? Stop it, did you say? Why, we've hardly started."The Ludovico Technique is the name given to the aversion therapy Alex is subjected to.
The technique requires the subject to be strapped into a chair with their eyes held open while watching prepared films of violence under the influence of a purposely developed drug; in the film the drug given to Alex is named Serum 114, which is a reference to Kubrick's past film Dr. Strangelove, in which a device is called a CRM-114. Ludovico is a variant of the name Ludwig, which is a reference to Beethoven. The name LUDWIG means "illustrious fighter." There is also a possible link to Ludovico, an Italian ruler, who gained power by influencing his rivals to fight each other. His downfall came when..... Ludovico returned with an army of mercenaries and re-entered Milan in February 1500. Two months later, Louis XII laid siege to the city of Novara, where Ludovico was based. The armies of both sides included Swiss mercenaries. The Swiss did not want to fight each other and chose to leave Novara. Ludovico was handed over to the French in April 1500..... But I have no proof that Burgess was inspired by this.